A person’s diet directly affects the body systems, which is why healthy eating for your kidney health is so important. Choosing a healthy eating plan is especially important if there is already damage to the kidneys. Some of the most recommended eating options are discussed below for optimal kidney health.
Although there is no specific diet that is established for those suffering from kidney disease, a professional will determine a plan that is right for each individual. If a person is suffering from kidney disease, they will need to limit salt intake, protein and fluids. Also, depending on the degree of damage to their kidneys and the remaining function they have, they may also have to limit some minerals like potassium and phosphorus.
Some general guidelines that should be followed include:
Limit sodium intake. That means that adding salt to meals should be avoided, as well as staying away from foods that already contain high levels of salt. Even consuming foods that are considered “low-salt” may be too much for some people. Remember that smoked foods like hams and bacon also contain high levels of salt, so it is best to avoid them as well. Salt substitutes are not recommended unless advised by a physician as they still contain potassium which needs to be avoided.
Limit protein in the diet. Some high protein foods like poultry, meat, and fish, and eggs are easily recognized, but it is important to realize that there are other foods which contain protein as well, such as dairy products, beans, nuts, pastas and cereals. Consult with a medical professional or dietician to come up with healthy levels that should be taken into account for your diet plan.
Limiting fluids. Many people suffering from kidney disease will have a limit as to how much fluid they can take in for the day. Make sure that you remember that if you are on a limited intake of fluids, that you realize that it does not just include water and other drinks that you may have. Soups, ice cream, some fruits and vegetables, as well as canned fruits with liquid will all count towards fluid intake.
Limit potassium or phosphorus if advised by your doctor. Discuss with a dietician which foods contain the least amounts of each of these elements and make sure to incorporate them into your eating plan.
In general, it is important to focus on healthy eating for kidney health, coming up with a plan that is suited to your needs. Always discuss your plans with a physician and dietician to make sure that you are getting the nutrients your body needs while avoiding foods that are not advised for your condition.